IoT Solutions in Healthcare Industry Show Strong Adoption Signs
Using new trend advancements in the healthcare industry can provide better ways to treat individuals’ health records while improving healthcare efficiency. As a result, this chapter gives an overview of how the Internet of Things (IoT) technology is being used in the healthcare sector as a research and practical trend. This chapter has covered the most important perks and advantages. On the other hand, it has been shown that most hospitals in various countries are still experiencing problems with health information interchange.
Multiple studies in healthcare information systems recently said that one of the most significant issues with the distribution of patient information records is the fragmentation of health information. As a result, we provided a detailed review of the healthcare systems’ current difficulties in light of IoT technology in this chapter. In addition, a detailed overview of the advantages and pitfalls of adopting IoT in healthcare has been provided, which could be used to address the difficulties listed.
What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term that refers to a network of connected devices. Any gadget that utilizes internet access to send or gather data, operate a procedure, or share data with other devices is considered part of the Internet of Things.
IoT was once a small, specialized industry, but now it outnumbers humans. In 2018, there were 2.4 network-connected devices per person, according to Cisco, and that figure is expected to rise to 3.6 by 2023.
Consumer IoT devices like Amazon Alexa and Google Home are becoming more popular. Smartphones are owned by an anticipated 3.5 billion individuals, or around 44% of the world’s population. The majority of people use the Internet of Things daily, and new applications are emerging in various areas, including learning, data centers, hospitality, and healthcare.
Can the Internet of Things be used in Healthcare?
IoT is an excellent match for healthcare. Several typical issues in medical settings can be alleviated with IoT solutions. IoT technologies like Nexos by Igor also integrate many systems and bring previously isolated data sets from various sources together.
Continue reading to learn more about what we mean when we term “Internet of Things” in healthcare and how this technology may be used in the field.
What is the Internet of Things (IoT) in Healthcare?
The Internet of Things (IoT) in healthcare relates to linked gadgets that are employed in hospitals, clinics, or even other medical institutions. Smart thermostats, automatic lighting, alarm systems, digital signage, and various sensors are examples of IoT devices. These gadgets have a particular role in treating patients, convenience, and protection whenever used in a healthcare setting.
Medical equipment incorporated into an IoT infrastructure is sometimes referred to as IoT technology in healthcare. Medical IoT and the Internet of Medical Things are terminologies used to separate healthcare-specific IoT devices from general IoT technologies (IoMT).
What is the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) or medical IoT?
Examples are intelligent patient observation equipment, networked medical sensors, and other medical IoT or IoMT equipment. Specialists could more efficiently examine and control various aspects of patient treatment when traditional medical equipment is integrated with IoT technology.
IoT has a wide range of applications and advantages in various businesses and places. IoT devices allow an improved healthcare environment with improved patient safety and service whenever used with standard IoT solutions such as smart locks, intelligent lighting, digital signs, and different sensors.
Functionalities of IoT Devices
To improve the efficiency of healthcare solutions offered, healthcare software and systems have incorporated a variety of innovative technologies/devices. The majority of these technologies and applications contribute to IoT or intelligent technology devices to improve healthcare offerings, and IoT refers to these IoT applications and healthcare devices. The healthcare gadget has a specialized sensor and has a high collection accuracy benefit, but it generally has a lot of drawbacks, including poor portability, increased price, and accessibility. Below are the characteristics of this type of device:
Most IoT applications provide sensors on the human body to gather data precisely and use vital indicators as gathering objectives. In this manner, consumers will feel more at ease, their experience will be better, and the collection technique will ensure the integrity of the acquired health data.
Long Hours of Work
There are numerous methods for gathering reliable health data, such as universal mobile devices, wearable gadgets, pedometers, etc. The goal of these devices is to collect data from the human body over a lengthy period, which necessitates a lot of power and capabilities.
Stability vs. Consistency
Even when consumers are engaged in strenuous exercise or an extreme environment, IoT has a high ability to collect data in a usual manner.
Users’ engagement is low
IoT applications and devices’ functionality is mainly self-contained, and most IoT devices do not require human intervention throughout the data collection process. Furthermore, customers merely need to turn on the power source, and the IoT gadget will begin collecting data.
IoT Applications in Healthcare
There are several methods IoT is being utilized in healthcare right now, and thoughts and hopes for the future. As tech becomes much more potent and complex, IoT and IoMT applications evolve.
Improves Patient Safety and Results
The atmosphere in hospitals and other care facilities could be unpleasant for individuals. According to a study published in the Journal of Health Environments Research and Design, patients and their families appreciate confidentiality, convenience, and cleanliness in hospital rooms. Another concern mentioned was safety. According to studies, improved patient pleasure might lead to less anxiety and a speedier recovery.
The Internet of Things Aids Physicians in Making Better Decisions
- IoT devices and systems could likewise assist physicians in making more knowledgeable medical decisions and providing better patient care. Data can be collected without a physical examination using IoMT equipment like connected medical sensors.
- Remote health monitoring is possible thanks to wearable IoT technologies. Doctors can accurately monitor physiological signs, physical activity, and other factors that could help them change therapy regimens or intervene differently. Wearable IoT devices include the following:
- Gadgets that transmit location data and vital signs in real-time aim to improve the security of older people and those who have Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. Smart tablets, or tiny swallowable sensors that report data on a patient’s stomach fluids, are becoming increasingly popular.
Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities are Healthier Thanks to the Internet of Things
To make hospitals and healthcare facilities secure for patients and workers, several classic IoT security options could be used:
- Protocols can be implemented using intelligent locks and security systems according to pre-set programs, such as lockdown scenarios.
- Facilities managers could utilize IoT maintenance sensors to alert them to potential unsafe leaks and other risks.
- Food, blood, and drugs are all safely stored thanks to temperature sensors.
- Waiting spaces are monitored by occupancy sensors, which alert personnel when they reach capacity, allowing critical patients to be moved to other hospitals.
- Hospitals are more accessible to navigate because of digital navigation systems.
What are the Advantages of the Internet of Things in Healthcare?
The advantages and favorable effects of the Internet of Things in healthcare are vast and varied:
- Patient comfort and convenience improve, resulting in higher patient pleasure and quicker recovery periods.
- IoT healthcare gadgets, wearable technologies, and data accessibility enable clinicians to track patients effectively and give more educated therapy.
- Patients, physicians, and staff are safer with IoT security systems.
- UV light sanitation systems keep environments tidy and help to keep people healthy.
- Another advantage of IoT innovative hospital solutions is that they are future-proof. Although there is an upfront outlay for setting up an IoT network, deploying gadgets, and educating employees on software products, the worth of these investments grows over time.
What are the Obstacles to Implementing IoT in Healthcare?
Although there are numerous advantages to implementing IoT technology in healthcare, there are likewise numerous IoT problems. Whenever it comes to deploying IoT in healthcare settings, healthcare facilities must be aware of their challenges.
Hospitals and other medical facilities follow strong security standards, customer confidentiality regulations, and adherence criteria. Healthcare businesses, preeminent healthcare systems, are frequently tasked with ensuring the security of several sites and vast data repositories.
Integration could be complex because there are numerous kinds of gadgets and standards to consider. Devices must be easily integrated and easy to manage and operate for IoT to have the most significant impact in healthcare.
Data gathering is among the most difficult IoT tasks in healthcare, but it’s certainly where there’s the most room for improvement. IoT systems generate a large amount of data. Before deploying an IoT ecosystem in a healthcare environment, it’s critical to talk about the system’s design and data collecting and consumption goals
The future is increasingly focused on networked gadgets, and health care is integrating many of these devices to improve overall healthcare in the future. It’s also worth noting that IoT is gaining traction in the healthcare market, thanks to the widespread use of connected devices. As a result, the game will be two-sided, with the Internet of Things encouraging medical devices and applications and vice versa.